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You will need information from your annual profit and loss statement to calculate the ratios
Profitability ratios measure the ability of the business to make a profit. Use profitability ratios to answer the question, "Is my business as profitable as it should be?" An increase in the ratios is viewed as a positive trend. The profitability ratios for analysing the profit and loss staement are:
You will need information from both your annual balance sheet and profit and loss statement to calculate the ratios.
Debt ratios measure the ability of the business to repay long term debt. That is:
Debt ratios indicate vulnerability of the business to risk and are often used by creditors to determine the ability of the business to repay loans.
Liquidity ratios measure the capacity of the business to meet short term financial commitments as they become due.
These ratios indicate a comparison of the proportions of current assets and short term liabilities.
Efficiency ratios measure how well the business manages its assets. These ratios indicate how quickly a firm converts non-cash assets to cash assets.